Toiny Cabin - Wooden frame T02
The Toiny comes in more than one flavor. The wooden frame has a pretty sou-shugi-ban siding, a green roof, beautiful detailing that's not tricky to install and a gorgeous shaded deck.
As a permanent home in a temperate climate, the Toiny uses the Sun to heat the place all winter, and shade it in the summer. It bring Sunshine in the morning where you need it and keeps you protected from the harsh summer afternoon heat. It gives you natural light without glare, it opens you up to the environment when the weather is nice and keeps you comfy and warm when cold comes. Everything has been thought-out so that you can utilize your climate to the max. Flexibility is key when building small.
The ideal position for this home is South facing, with the bedroom towards the East (for northern hemisphere). A North protection like a hedge or other building is nice, but not a must, as there are few openings and deeper insulation on that side to keep you protected from winter winds.
Foundation and terrain
The slope can vary quite a lot, so the best option is to lift the whole thing above ground. The structure is light enough for pier foundation in most use cases. Crawlspace or a slab foundation are perfectly fine solutions too.
You can add as much insulation as you want on the inside or outside) of the structure. The more insulation you will add on the inside of the structure, the more living space you will loose. The standard insulation solutions work fine here, the project is flexible enough to incorporate as advanced or as simple a solution as you decide.
Sliding doors and panels
The sliding doors can be as fancy or as DIY as you wish. Some of you might only need wooden panels that you can remove or slide away when the weather is nice. Others can go towards more airtightness, with glass panels on a track. The same goes for the roof hatch, though it need to be an operable opening to help with cross-ventilation in hot summers.
For tropical climate, the position changes, but so do the lateral openings. You need to place the openings on the longer side and place the whole house on the prevailing breeze direction. This way, the cooling breeze will come through the tiny openings on the back wall and come out through the large openings in front, cooling the whole space. The fact that this layout provides ventilation underneath the house is a great advantage in tropical regions, though the roof should be changed into a reflective material instead of greenery. Sorry.